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Purdue OWL and more
In the "Other Common Sources" portions of Purdue OWL you'll find guidelines for citing films, photographs, paintings, and more. This link takes you to MLA format but navigating through the website will take you to the Chicago & APA styles, too.
Cite online videos in APA style by clicking on this link. There is no formal format for citing paintings or other art. Read why in this official APA StyleBlog post: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2010/04/theres-an-art-to-it.html
Chicago Style: multimedia
Use the Blank Form for Online Multimedia (found at the bottom of the page) as a template for videos, GIFs, memes, or photos found online.
Chicago Style: art
Use this handy form from Trinity College to develop a citation in Chicago Style for a piece of art.
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