This quick video (2 minutes) offers a brief introduction to what a citation is, and why we use them in academic writing:
Video posted on YouTube by North Carolina State University Libraries under a Creative Commons 3.0 BY-NC-SA US license.
To create a citation, you'll generally need to keep track of:
These style guides can be found at the Research Help Desk in the library.
Not in the library? Check out this online style guide from Purdue University:
It's a good idea to have a system to keep track of your sources. This could be as simple as Word or Google document in which you keep track of each quote you're planning to use, along with where that quote came from and how you accessed it.
You can also try citation generators such as EasyBib, which will automatically create citations in a variety of formats.
The catalog and many databases also can automatically generate citations for you -- look out for those options as you search!
Always double check citations that are generated automatically. If there are typos or mistakes in the catalog or database record, there will be mistakes in the citation it creates for you!